Initiation ritual of boys in Malawi. The ritual marks the passage from child to adult male, each subgroup having its customs and expectations. The term is now fully adopted into anthropology as well as into the literature and popular cultures of many modern languages. Each larger society contains within it several distinctly rites of passage pdf groupings.
In addition, all these groups break down into still smaller societies in subgroups. The population of a society belongs to multiple groups, some more important to the individual than others. Van Gennep uses the metaphor, “as a kind of house divided into rooms and corridors. Van Gennep further distinguishes between “the secular” and “the sacred sphere. Many groups in modern industrial society practice customs that can be traced to an earlier sacred phase. Passage between these groups requires a ceremony, or ritual hence rite of passage.
It is but a rough sketch of an immense picture . He is able to find some universals, mainly two: “the sexual separation between men and women, and the magico-religious separation between the profane and the sacred. Earlier the translators used secular for profane. He refuses credit for being the first to recognize type of rites.