In languages which have a past tense, it thus provides a grammatical means of indicating that the event being referred to took place in the past. Thus a language may have several types of past tense form, their use depending on what aspectual or other additional information past tense structure pdf to be encoded. Some languages grammatically distinguish the recent past from remote past with separate tenses. There may be more than two distinctions.
In some languages, certain past tenses can carry an implication that the result of the action in question no longer holds. These and other common past tense constructions are listed below. This form indicates that an action was ongoing at the past time under consideration. It is often used to emphasize that something is no longer the case. Latin terminology, ill describes it.
Use in speech is regarded as snobbish and thus very uncommon. The preterite is used for past actions when the focus is on the action, whilst the present perfect is used for past actions when the focus is on the present state of the subject as a result of a previous action. This is somewhat similar to the English usage of the preterite and the present perfect. The past perfect is used in every German speaking country and it is used to place an action in the past before another action in the past. This also means “I was there yesterday”, but just as it is the case for English constructions with the present perfect simple, this kind of formulation puts more emphasis on the “being finished”-aspect. This means “I had been there before yesterday.
This tense is used to indicate that one action in the past occurred before another past action, and that the action was fully finished before the second action took place. German but used only for past habitual or past progressive contexts like “I used to” or “I was doing”. Indo-European languages are found, in the rest of Africa past tenses have very different forms from those found in European languages. Other, smaller language families of Africa follow quite regional patterns. East Africa and adjacent Afro-Asiatic families are part of the same area with inflectional past-marking that extends into Europe, whereas more westerly Nilo-Saharan languages often do not have past tense. Past tenses are found in a variety of Asian languages. Some of these tenses can have specialised mythological significance and uses.
This page was last edited on 29 December 2017, at 05:44. English with lots of exercises and quizzes. I’m Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. We usually make the positive by adding ‘-ed’ to the infinitive. For example, ‘play’ becomes ‘played’. In the negative there aren’t any irregular verbs.