Copyright rests with the authors. A typical ELF conversation might involve an Italian and a Swede language barriers in communication pdf at a coffee break of an international conference held in Brussels, a Spanish tourist asking a local for the way in Berlin, or a Punjabi Indian negotiating with a Tamil Indian salesperson in Chennai. With the world turned into an interconnected global system, there is a need for a mutual language. ELF is a unique lingua franca because of its global spread, its highly diverse nature, and its interactions which include native speakers.
Language and globalisation affect each other. The reshaping of communities due to globalisation means considerable changes in the English language. As English encounters new communities and cultures, it is shaped and adapted by these encounters to be used by local communities for local and international communication. Consequently, hybrid forms develop in which new words are created, while simultaneously, existing words may be assigned new meanings. This leads to a constant process of linguistic change.