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24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. The flag was subsequently retained as that of the Republic of India. The code was amended once more in 2005 to allow some additional use including adaptations on certain forms of clothing. The flag code also governs the protocol of flying the flag and its use in conjunction with other national and non-national flags. The size of the Ashoka Chakra is not specified in the Flag code, but it has twenty-four spokes that are evenly spaced.
1 of “IS1: Manufacturing standards for the Indian Flag”, there is a chart that details the size of the Ashoka Chakra on the nine specific sizes of the national flag. In both the Flag code and IS1, they call for the Ashoka Chakra to be printed or painted on both sides of the flag in navy blue. The navy blue colour can be found in the standard IS:1803-1973. 130 U, White, 2258 C and 2735 C. Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. In the centre was a traditional spinning wheel, symbolising Gandhi’s goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.
The design was then modified to include a white stripe in the centre for other religious communities, and provide a background for the spinning wheel. Subsequently, to avoid sectarian associations with the colour scheme, saffron, white and green were chosen for the three bands, representing courage and sacrifice, peace and truth, and faith and chivalry respectively. India must be acceptable to all parties and communities. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation.
There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change. Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half. Europe including the right to fly defaced British red ensigns.
William Coldstream, a British member of the Indian Civil Service, campaigned the government to change the heraldic symbol from a star, which he considered to be a common choice, to something more appropriate. Around this time, nationalist opinion within the realm was leading to a representation through religious tradition. However, all these symbols were Hindu-centric and did not suggest unity with India’s Muslim population. 22 August 1907, at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany. British, comprised Indian religious symbols represented in western heraldic fashion.
Hindi on the central yellow band. Despite the multiple uses of the flag, it failed to generate enthusiasm amongst Indian nationalists. It was also presented at the Indian National Congress meeting in 1906. Soon, many other proposals were initiated, but none of them gained attention from the nationalist movement. These many proposals and recommendations did little more than keep the flag movement alive. The flag included the Union Jack in the upper left corner, a star and crescent in the upper right, and seven stars displayed diagonally from the lower right, on a background of five red and four green alternating bands.
The ban was followed by a public debate on the function and importance of a national flag. In the early 1920s, national flag discussions gained prominence across most British dominions following the peace treaty between Britain and Ireland. Indian flag, and this prompted the British Indian government to place renewed emphasis on the flag as a national symbol. Gandhi commissioned Pingali Venkayya to design a flag with the spinning wheel on a red and green banner, the red colour signifying Hindus and the green standing for Muslims. Gandhi wanted the flag to be presented at the Congress session of 1921, but it was not delivered on time, and another flag was proposed at the session.
Finally, owing to the religious-political sensibilities, in 1929, Gandhi moved towards a more secular interpretation of the flag colours, stating that red stood for the sacrifices of the people, white for purity, and green for hope. This event resulted in a confrontation between the Congressmen and the police, after which five people were imprisoned. Over a hundred other protesters continued the flag procession after a meeting. Congress closed ranks and the flag movement was endorsed. By the end of the movement, over 1500 people had been arrested across all of British India.