This article has multiple issues. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The theory was first introduced as “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership”. During the mid-1970s, “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership” was hersey blanchard situational leadership pdf “Situational Leadership Model.
Hersey – Situational Leadership Model and Blanchard et al. The fundamental underpinning of the Situational Leadership Model is that there is no single “best” style of leadership. Effective leadership varies, not only with the person or group that is being influenced, but it also depends on the task, job or function that needs to be accomplished. Hersey and Blanchard characterized leadership style in terms of the amount of Task Behavior and Relationship Behavior that the leader provides to their followers. The leader stays involved to monitor progress. Of these, no one style is considered optimal for all leaders to use all the time. Effective leaders need to be flexible, and must adapt themselves according to the situation.
The right leadership style will depend on the person or group being led. They lack the specific skills required for the job in hand and are unable and unwilling to take responsibility for this job or task. They are novice but enthusiastic. They are experienced and able to do the task but lack the confidence or the willingness to take on responsibility. They are experienced at the task, and comfortable with their own ability to do it well. They are able and willing to not only do the task, but to take responsibility for the task.
Maturity levels are also task-specific. A person might be generally skilled, confident and motivated in their job, but would still have a maturity level M1 when asked to perform a task requiring skills they don’t possess. A good leader develops “the competence and commitment of their people so they’re self-motivated rather than dependent on others for direction and guidance. According to Ken Blanchard, “Four combinations of competence and commitment make up what we call ‘development level. In order to make an effective cycle, a leader needs to motivate followers properly. Hersey and Blanchard continued to iterate on the original theory until 1977 when they mutually agreed to run their respective companies.