The first match was played in Philadelphia in 1996 and won by Kasparov. The second was played in New York City in 1997 and won by Garry kasparov on garry kasparov part 1 pdf Blue.
The 1997 match was the first defeat of a reigning world chess champion by a computer under tournament conditions. Deep Blue’s win was seen as very symbolically significant, a sign that artificial intelligence was catching up to human intelligence, and could defeat one of humanity’s great intellectual champions. Later analysis tended to play down Kasparov’s loss as a result of uncharacteristically bad play on Kasparov’s part, and play down the intellectual value of chess as a game which can be defeated by brute force. Kasparov offered a draw after the 23rd move.
Kasparov had three pawns to Deep Blue’s one. The game lasted for 39 moves and was drawn. The fifth game was the turning point of the match. This game was particularly embarrassing for the Deep Blue team, because they had declined Kasparov’s draw offer after the 23rd move.
This was the only game in the match that Black won. The sixth game was an illustration of just how badly computers can play in some positions. Employing anti-computer tactics and keeping the focus of the game on long-term planning, Kasparov slowly improved his position throughout the mid-game while Deep Blue wasted time doing nothing. By the end of the game, Deep Blue’s pieces were crammed into its queenside corner, with no moves to make aside from shuffling its king. Kasparov had all the time in the world to finish the rout.