American civil war pdf category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. This page was last edited on 5 April 2013, at 03:32.
This article is about the civil war period. 1861 to 1863, with 34 stars for all the 34 states. Confederacy’s declaration of secession from the Union was still considered illegal by the United States and President Abraham Lincoln. The Northeast and upper Midwest provided the industrial resources for a mechanized war producing large quantities of munitions and supplies, as well as financing for the war. The Midwest provided soldiers, food, horses, financial support, and training camps.
Army hospitals were set up across the Union. 1861 but by 1862, was split between the War Democrats and the anti-war element led by the “Copperheads”. The war years were quite prosperous except where serious fighting and guerrilla warfare took place along the southern border. Prosperity was stimulated by heavy government spending and the creation of an entirely new national banking system. The Union states invested a great deal of money and effort in organizing psychological and social support for soldiers’ wives, widows, and orphans, and for the soldiers themselves.
Most soldiers were volunteers, although after 1862 many volunteered to escape the draft and to take advantage of generous cash bounties on offer from states and localities. In the context of the American Civil War, the Union is sometimes referred to as “the North”, both then and now, as opposed to the Confederacy, which was “the South”. The Union never recognized the legitimacy of the Confederacy’s secession and maintained at all times that it remained entirely a part of the United States of America. In foreign affairs the Union was the only side recognized by all other nations, none of which officially recognized the Confederate government. Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. 1787 was issued and ratified in the name not of the states, but of “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union “.
Even before the war started, the phrase “preserve the Union” was commonplace, and a “union of states” had been used to refer to the entire United States of America. Using the term “Union” to apply to the non-secessionist side carried a connotation of legitimacy as the continuation of the pre-existing political entity. Confederates generally saw the Union states as being opposed to slavery, occasionally referring to them as abolitionists, as in reference to the U. Navy as the “Abolition fleet” and the U. Army as the “Abolition forces”.
The Union had large advantages in men and resources at the start of the war, and the ratio grew steadily in favor of the Union. Additionally, the Union states had a manpower advantage of 5 to 2 at the start of the war. Year by year, the Confederacy shrank and lost control of increasing quantities of resources and population. Meanwhile, the Union turned its growing potential advantage into a much stronger military force.
However, much of the Union strength had to be used to garrison conquered areas, and to protect railroads and other vital points. The Union’s great advantages in population and industry would prove to be vital long-term factors in its victory over the Confederacy, but it took the Union a long while to fully mobilize these resources. North to the defense of American nationalism. From every side came news of mass meetings, speeches, resolutions, tenders of business support, the muster of companies and regiments, the determined action of governors and legislatures.
At the time, Northerners were right to wonder at the near unanimity that so quickly followed long months of bitterness and discord. Northern nationalism usually hidden by the fierce battles more typical of the political arena. Voters became afraid of power being centralized in Washington, extravagant spending, and war profiteering. Democratic candidates emphasized these fears. The candidates added that rapid modernization was putting too much political power in the hands of Eastern financiers and industrialists. They warned that the abolition of slavery would bring a flood of freed blacks into the labor market of the North.
Republicans responded with claims of defeatism. Abraham Lincoln’s performance as President. His first priority was military victory. This required that he master entirely new skills as a strategist and diplomat. He oversaw supplies, finances, manpower, the selection of generals, and the course of overall strategy. Confederate capital, and his wit smoothed many rough edges.